What is TMJ?

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) acts like a sliding hinge, connecting your lower jaw (mandible)to your skull(temporal bone). You have one joint on each side of your jaw. TMJ disorders causes pain in your jaw joint and in the muscles that control jaw movement, commonly resulting in headaches and neck pain.

What are the symptoms?

  • Neck pain
  • Aching facial pain
  • Ear pain
  • Headaches
  • Pain or tenderness of your jaw
  • Locked jaw
  • Difficulty opening jaw
  • Problems with biting
  • Difficulty chewing or pain while chewing
  • Clicking or popping sounds when you bite

Causes & Risk Factors

The temporomandibular joint is covered with cartilage and separated by a small shock-absorbing disk. The disc is responsible for keeping movement smooth and pain
can occur if:

  • The disk erodes or moves out of its proper alignment
  • The joint's cartilage is damaged by arthritis
  • The joint is damaged by a blow or other impact

Additional factors that may increase the risk of developing TMJ disorders include:

  • Various types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
  • Jaw injury
  • Long-term (chronic) grinding or clenching of teeth
  • Certain connective tissue diseases that cause problems that may affect the temporomandibular joint


Chiropractors realign bones and muscles to improve function and reduce pain in their patients. Our Provo chiropractors focus on repositioning the bones that connect the neck to the head. A chiropractor can realign the bones of the neck to improve problems with the jaw as well as align the jaw joint with our ProAdjuster.

Alpine Spinal Rehab chiropractors gently adjusts the highest bones in the neck with a percussion instrument to reduce nerve interference that could be causing TMJ.

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